These are just bits and pieces of information that may pop up on one of those game shows. I got most of these tidbits from trivia on chewing gum wrappers and textbooks.
[+] Kepler’s Law The 3 laws of Planetary motion discovered by Johan Kepler [1571 - 1630]:
- The orbits of planets are ellipses with the sun at one focus.
- The areas described by their radii vectors in equal times are equal.
- The squares of their periodic times vary as the cubes of their mean distances frm the sun.
[+] Boyle’s or Mariotte’s law For a gas at a given temperature, pressure varies inversely as the volume. Announced by Robert Boyle in 1662 and confirmed by Marriotte.
[+] Charles’ Law All gases have the same value for the coefficient of expansion at constant pressures and stated by J. A. C. Charles, a French physicist [1746 - 1823]. Also termed Gay Lussac’s law.
[+] Vulcan Intramercurial planet once postulated between the sun and mercury.
[+] Uranium discovered in 1789 after planet Uranus (which was discovered by Herschel)
[+] Pluto discovered in 1930
[+] Neptune discovered in 1846
[+] Palaeozoic geological era marked by the appearance of plants and animals especially invertebrates. Palaeolithic (of early part of Stone Age)
[+] Mesozoic geological era marked by the development of dinosaurs and first mammals, birds and flowering plants. Mesolithic (of part between palaeolithic age and neolithic period).
[+] Neolithic of later part of Stone Age.
[+] Copernicus Polish astronomer who said that planets revolved around the sun (Copernican’s system).
[+] Strontium-90 radioactive isotope of strontium found in nuclear fallout and concentrated in bones and teeth when ingested.
[+] Cobalt-60 radioactive isotope of cobalt used in gamma ray treatment.
[+] Pallas minor planet discovered by Olbers in 1802.
[+] Poseidon remote planet of the solar system discovered in 1846.
[+] Eros minor planet noted for near approachto the earth and discovered in 1898.
[+] Electrons were found out by William Croates, J. J. Thomson and Robert Millikan
[+] Ernest Rutherford found the nucleus in 1909
[+] Neutrons were discovered by James Chadwick, a British Scientist.
[+] Joseph Henry is a pioneer in the science of electromagnetics. Unit of inductance is the Henry
[+] Gabriel Fallopio Italian anatomist [1523 - 1562] (fallopian tubes)
[+] Alstromer (18th century) Swedish botanist
[+] Pierre Auger Physicist
[+] A. Avogadro Italian physicist [1776 - 1856]
[+] Isaac Babbitt Massachusetts inventor [1799 - 1862]
[+] William Babington mineralogist [1756 - 1833]
[+] Taliacotian or Tagliacotian: pertaining to Italian surgeon, Gasparo Tagliacotian or Taliacotius [1546 - 1599] or his rhinoplastic surgery
[+] Stokes: the CGS unit of kinetic viscosity [Sir G. Stokes [1819 - 1903] British physicist
[+] Tomaso Puccini Italian anatomist
[+] Ptolemy the astronomer (Ptolemaic system) [fl. AD 150]
[+] Priscianus Latin grammarian [fl. c. AD 500]